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100th Anniversary of the Korean Independence Movement


WHEREAS, the nation of Korea was under Japanese imperial rule from 1910 to 1945; and

WHEREAS, the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910, which the Japanese forced Korea to sign, triggered the Japanese annexation of Korea and eventually led to the forced colonization of Korea; and

WHEREAS, on March 1, 1919, the Korean Independence Movement, also known as the March First or “Sam Il Jeol” Movement began; and

WHEREAS, the movement took place across Korea with more than a million people marching to read the Declaration of Independence from the Japanese; and

WHEREAS, during the demonstrations more than 7,000 people were killed and 16,000 were wounded by Japanese soldiers and police, and more than 45,000 people were arrested; and

WHEREAS, the Korean Independence Movement ultimately resulted in the formation of a Korean provisional government in exile; many of the legal traditions of the modern-day Republic of Korea is traced back to the provisional government, including the nation’s commitment to peace, human rights, and a free and equal democracy; and

WHEREAS, in 2019, the Republic of Korea and North Korea will commemorate the historic centennial anniversary of the Korean Independence Movement, which represents the shared history of the countries and peace for the future; and

WHEREAS, diversity is one of the Commonwealth’s greatest strengths and Virginia is proud to be home to a large Korean-American population who contribute greatly to the social, economic, and civic health of the Commonwealth;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Ralph S. Northam, do hereby recognize March 1, 2019, as the 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE KOREAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT in our COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, and I call this observance to the attention of all our citizens.