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Native American Heritage Month


WHEREAS, American Indian Day began in Virginia in 1987; and recognition was expanded by the General Assembly to a week in 1988; and in 1996, the General Assembly expanded recognition to “Native American Indian Month” and the Wednesday immediately preceding Thanksgiving as a Day of Appreciation for American Indians in the Commonwealth of Virginia each year; and

WHEREAS, Native Americans have inhabited the land now known as the Commonwealth of Virginia since time immemorial; and

WHEREAS, Native American men and women contribute to all areas of life in Virginia, including government, business, the arts, medicine, education, law enforcement, and the military; and

WHEREAS, Virginia is home to 11 state-recognized Native American tribes: the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway), Chickahominy, Eastern Chickahominy, Mattaponi, Monacan, Nansemond, Nottoway, Pamunkey, Patawomeck, Rappahannock, and the Upper Mattaponi; and

WHEREAS, on January 28, 2016, the Pamunkey Indian Tribe achieved federal recognition after a decades-long petition process; and

WHEREAS, the Thomasina E. Jordan Indian Tribe of Virginia Federal Recognition Act of 2017 became law on January 29, 2018, extending federal recognition to six Virginia Indian tribes: Chickahominy Indian Tribe, Chickahominy Indians Eastern Division, Monacan Indian Nation, Nansemond Indian Nation, Rappahannock Tribe, and the Upper Mattaponi Indian Tribe; and

WHEREAS, thousands of Native Americans from other tribes across the country have relocated to Virginia and now call the Commonwealth their home; and

WHEREAS, on October 12, 2020, for the first time, Governor Northam proclaimed the second Monday in October to be heralded as Indigenous Peoples’ Day in the Commonwealth of Virginia; and

WHEREAS, on November 25, 2020, the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Pamunkey Indian Tribe, and the Mattaponi Indian Tribe will commemorate the 343rd anniversary of the Treaty of Middle Plantation, which established the first reservations in the United States; and

WHEREAS, Native American Heritage Month is an opportunity to celebrate American Indians in Virginia whose contributions and abilities are a significant part of the foundation of our Commonwealth; and

WHEREAS, Virginia’s Native American communities enrich Virginia’s diverse culture, invigorate Virginia’s communities, strengthen Virginia’s economy;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, Ralph S. Northam, do hereby recognize November 2020 as NATIVE AMERICAN HERITAGE MONTH and November 25, 2020, as AMERICAN INDIAN DAY OF APPRECIATION in our COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, and I call this observance to the attention of all our citizens.